Initial git repo git init

Config user name git config "Name"

Config user email git config ""

Check unstage changes git status

Check changes for single file git diff <file>

Check staged file different git diff --staged

Add all files, a single file or a dir git add */<file>/<dir> or git add -A

Make a commit with message git commit -m "commit message"

Make a commit and use a text file as commit message git commit -F <file>


Check changes in a git commit git diff <commitID>^! git diff-tree -p <commitID>

Serach keyword from commit message git log --grep=<keyword>

Show last commit hash git rev-parse --verify HEAD or git rev-parse HEAD

Show last commit hash (short) git rev-parse --short HEAD


List all branchs git branch -a

list remote branch git branch -r

Create new branch git branch <name>

Remove branch git branch -d <name>

check out branch git checkout <branch-name> git checkout -b <branch-name>

merge branch into current branch git merge from-branch

push branch with username and password git push --all

push branch to origin git push -u origin <branch-name>

get branch first commit git log master..<branch-name> --oneline | tail -1

get branch last commit LC-4174-suncorp-map-users-to-ids --oneline | head -1

archive branch 1

git tag archive/<branchname> <branchname>
git branch -d <branchname>

unarchive branch git checkout -b <branchname> archive/<branchname>


prunes tracking branches not on the remote. git remote prune origin

lists branches that have been merged into the current branch. git branch --merged

deletes branches listed on standard input. xargs git branch -d

Remove tracking branches no longer on remote 2

git branch --merged >/tmp/merged-branches && \
  vi /tmp/merged-branches && xargs git branch -d </tmp/merged-branches

Commit empty directory

Create a .gitignore file in directory.

# Ignore everything in this directory
# Except this file


List all tags git tag

List all remote tags 3 git ls-remote --tags ./.


List all remote tags start with v 4 git ls-remote --tags origin v\*

Create Tag git tag -a v1.4 -m "my version 1.4"

Remvoe tag git tag -d <name>


check commit history git log

check history with file name git log --name-only

check history with file status git log --name-status

check history with file statistic git log --stat

history order reverse git log --reverse

View the change history of a file or dir git log -p dirname/filename

simplify history message git log --oneline -- _includes/


Set a new remote git remote add origin

Verify new remote git remote -v

Fetch remote branch git fetch origin

Push to remote branch git push origin master

In order to clean up remote-tracking branches while fetching, use the “git fetch” command with the “–prune” option. 5 git fetch --prune origin

Pull request (Github)

Update .git/config

[remote "origin"]
	url =
	fetch = +refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/origin/*
	fetch = +refs/pull/*/head:refs/remotes/origin/pr/*

run git fetch origin

See this


Repo size


git count-objects -vH

File size

How to find/identify large files/commits in Git history?

# need run brew install coreutils
git rev-list --objects --all \
| git cat-file --batch-check='%(objecttype) %(objectname) %(objectsize) %(rest)' \
| sed -n 's/^blob //p' \
| sort --numeric-sort --key=2 \
| cut -c 1-12,41- \
| gnumfmt --field=2 --to=iec-i --suffix=B --padding=7 --round=nearest

Reduce Repo size

git reflog expire --all --expire=now git gc --prune=now --aggressive

Revert last commit

git reset HEAD~ 
// do some update
git add ...   
git commit -c ORIG_HEAD

git push --force



brew install tig


Status view

Bind shortcut key

bind status P !git push origin

bind P !git push origin

Tig refs

Tig sheet

.tigrc example 6

bind status P !git push --set-upstream origin
bind status U !git pull origin

bind refs P ?git push --set-upstream origin %(branch)
bind refs E !git fetch --prune origin
bind refs M !git checkout master
bind refs F ?git branch "%(prompt Enter branch name: )"